Lay Summaries - Volume 1 Issue 1

Lay Summary: Wilson‘s disease is a hereditary disease caused by accumulation of copper in the liver and other tissues. It presents with a variety of clinical symptoms. In this study we explored the role of a recently described gene mutation (HSD17B13:TA) which apparently protects the liver against toxins like alcohol. The results indicate that this mutation plays a role in the evolution of liver disease. Patients with Wilson's disease who carry this mutation are more likely to have mild disease, while the absence of the mutation is associated with the most severe form – fulminant Wilson’s disease.
Lay Summary: Patients with chronic hepatitis B infection (CHB) may have liver steatosis at the same time. Here we show that in patients with CHB, liver steatosis is significantly associated with all-cause mortality and cancer, irrespective of other major metabolic factors, and the effect of liver steatosis on mortality and cancer is stronger than the effect of hepatitis B viral load on these outcomes. Thus, patients with CHB and liver steatosis should be closely monitored, irrespective of their viral load.